This is an Act of the State Legislature of Uttar Pradesh. While previously it was applicable only to Hill and Rural areas, it is now applicable to the entire state of U.P. It has been enacted to provide for regulation on felling and replanting of trees in the entire state. It does not apply to trees situated in reserved and protected areas, cantonment areas and trees situated in Government Gardens or on land held by the Government. Tree means any wooded plant with a trunk a body of more than 5 cm at height of 30 cm from the ground.
The law provides for a ban on cutting of trees, except when permitted by the competent authority. It also provides for the plantation of 2 trees in lieu of one tree cut and the issue of directives to owners of vacant plot to plant trees.